Dr. Animesh Gain

Dr. Animesh Gain

Postdoctoral Research Fellows

Coastal Risks and Sea-Level Rise Research Group

Animesh Gain has a BSc in Environmental Science, a MSc in Water Resources Development, and a PhD in Science and Management of Climate Change from the Ca’ Foscari University of Venice (Italy). Animesh has interdisciplinary research interests in the broad field of sustainability research: social-ecological system, coastal water management, transboundary Integrated Water Resources Management, Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus.


In his early research career, he has worked at different institutions in Germany (GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam; UN University, Bonn), Italy (Ca’ Foscari University of Venice), Netherlands (Utrecht University) and Bangladesh. He has already published more than 30 articles in international peer reviewed journals. He is the recipient of prestigious fellowships (e.g., ‘Alexander von Humboldt Post-doctoral fellowship’) and awards (such as Outstanding Young Scientists Award 2016 of European Geosciences Union, EGU).


Currently, he is a member of SDG Assessment Core Group and Junior Global Advisory Panel of Water Security programme. Since November 2017, he has started a new research project on ‘Social-ECological Interdependencies in dynamic COAST (SECure-COAST)’, funded by the Future Ocean Cluster, at the Geography Department of Kiel University.



Gouweleeuw, B. T., Kvas, A., Grüber, C., Gain, A. K., Mayer-Gürr, T., Flechtner, F., Güntner, A. (2018): Daily GRACE gravity field solutions track major flood events in the Ganges -Brahmaputra Delta. In: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 22(5), 2867-2880. doi: 10.5194/hess-22-2867-2018.
Gain, A.K., Benson, D., Rahman, R., Datta, D.K., Rouillard, J.J. (2017): Tidal river management in the South West Ganges-Brahmaputra delta: moving towards a transdisciplinary approach? In: Environmental Science & Policy, 75, 111-120, doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2017.05.020.
Gain, A.K., Mondal, M.S., Rahman, R. (2017): From flood control to water management: a journey of Bangladesh towards integrated water resources management. In: Water, 9(1), 55, doi:10.3390/w9010055.
Roy, K., Gain, A.K., Mallick, B., Vogt, J. (2017): An assessment of social, hydro-ecological and climatic changes in the South-West coastal region of Bangladesh. In: Regional Environmental Change, 17(7), 1895-1906, doi: 10.1007/s10113-017-1158-9.
Giupponi, C., Gain, A.K. (2017): Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) for Climate Change Adaptation: Editorial. In: Regional Environmental Change, 17(7), 1865-1867, doi:10.1007/s10113-017-1173-x.
Giupponi, C., Gain, A.K. (2017): Integrated spatial assessment of the water, energy and food dimensions of the Sustainable Development Goals. In: Regional Environmental Change, 17(7), 1881-1893, doi: 10.1007/s10113-016-0998-z.
Liu, J., Yang, H., Cudennec, C., Gain, A. K., Hoff, H., Lawford, R., Qi, J., Strasser, L., Yillia, P. T., Zheng, C. (2017): Challenges in operationalizing the water-energy-food nexus. In: Hydrological Sciences Journal, 62(11):1714-1720.
Do, T.C.,Nguyen, D., Gain, A.K., Kreibich, H. (2017): Flood loss models and risk analysis for private households in Can Tho city, Vietnam. In: Water, 9(5): 313, doi: 10.3390/w9050313.
Kreibich H, Di Baldassarre G, Vorogushyn S, Aerts JCJH, Apel H, Aronica GT, Arnbjerg-Nielsen K, Bouwer LM, Bubeck P, Caloiero T, Chinh DT, Cortès M, Gain AK, Giampá V, Kuhlicke C, Kundzewicz ZW, Llasat MC, Mård J, Matczak P, Mazzoleni M, Molinari D, Dung NV, Petrucci O, Schröter K, Slager K, Thieken AH, Ward PJ, Merz B (2017): Adaptation to flood risk – results of international paired flood event studies. In: Earth's Future, 5(10), 953-965, doi:10.1002/2017EF000606.
Benson, D., Gain, A.K., Rouillard, J. and Guipponi, C. (2017): ‘Governing the nexus: empirical, theoretical and normative dimensions’. In: Salam,P.A., Shrestha, S., Pandey, V.P., Anal, A.K. (eds.) Water-Energy-Food Nexus: principles and practices. Chapter 8. AGU-Wiley, ISBN 978-1-119-24313-7.
Gouweleeuw, B. T., Kvas, A., Grüber, C., Gain, A. K., Mayer-Gürr, T., Flechtner, F., Güntner, A. (2017): Daily GRACE gravity field solutions track major flood events in the Ganges -Brahmaputra Delta. IN: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, doi: 10.5194/hess-2016-653.
Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C., Wada, Y. (2016): Measuring Global Water Security towards Sustainable Development Goals. In: Environmental Research Letters, 11(12): 124015, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/12/124015.
Aleksandrova, M., Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C. (2016): Assessing agricultural systems vulnerability to climate change to inform adaptation planning: an application in Khorezm, Uzbekistan. In: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 21(8), 1263-1287, doi: 10.1007/s11027-015-9655-y.
Do, T.C., Gain, A.K., Nguyen, D., Haase, D., Kreibich, H., (2016): Multi-Variate Analyses of Flood Loss in Can Tho City, Mekong Delta. In: Water, 8(1), 6, doi:10.3390/w8010006.
Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C., Benson, D. (2015): The water, energy and food security nexus: the policy perspective of Bangladesh. In: Water International, 40(5-6), 895-910, doi: 10.1080/02508060.2015.1087616.
Benson, D., Gain, A.K., Rouillard, J.J. (2015): Water governance in a comparative perspective: from IWRM to a ‘nexus’ approach? Water Alternative, 8(1): 756-773, URL: http://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/escidoc:881911:3/component/escidoc:885890/881911.pdf.
Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C. (2015): A dynamic assessment of water scarcity risk in the Lower Brahmaputra River Basin: an integrated approach. In: Ecological Indicators, 48, 120-131, doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.07.34.
Gain, A.K., Mojtahed V., Biscaro, C., Balbi, S., Giupponi, C. (2015): An integrated approach of flood risk assessment in the eastern part of Dhaka City. In: Natural Hazards, 79(3), 1499-1530, doi:10.1007/s11069-015-1911-7.
Huq, N., Hugé, J., Boon, E., Gain, A.K. (2015): Climate Change Impacts in Agricultural Communities in Rural Areas of Coastal Bangladesh: A Tale of Many Stories. In: Sustainability, 7:8437-8460, doi:10.3390/su7078437.
Gain, A.K., Kumar, M.D., Cramwinckel, J., Oesterlé, J. (2015): Co-Optimizing Solutions for Water and Food – Scoping the Nexus Challenges in the Agro-Sector and finding Scalable Business Solutions. In: Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems, 2(1), 109-111.
Giupponi, C., Mojtahed V., Gain, A.K., Biscaro, C., Balbi, S. (2015): Integrated Risk Assessment of Water Related Disasters. In: Paron, P., Di Baldassare, G., Shroder, J.F. (eds.), Hydro-meteorological Hazards, Risks and Disasters, Elsevier, 163-200, doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-394846-5.00006-0.
Roy, K., Ansari, M.S., Karim, M.R., Das, R., Mallick, B., Gain, A.K. (2015): Irrigation Water Quality Assessment and Identification of River Pollution Sources in Bangladesh: Implications in Policy and Management. In: Journal of Water Resource and Hydraulic Engineering, 4(4), 303-317.
Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C. (2014): Impact of the Farakka Dam on thresholds of hydrologic flow regime in the Lower Ganges River Basin (Bangladesh). In: Water, 6(8), 2501-2518, doi:10.3390/w6082501.
Gain, A.K., Wada, Y. (2014): Assessment of future water scarcity at different spatial and temporal scales of the Brahmaputra River Basin. In: Water Resources Management,28(4), 999-1012, doi:10.1007/s11269-014-0530-5.
Rouillard, J.J., Benson, D., Gain, A.K. (2014): Evaluating IWRM implementation success: are water policies in Bangladesh enhancing adaptive capacity to climate impacts? In: International Journal of Water Resources Development, 30 (3), 515-527, doi:10.1080/07900627.2014.910756.
Gain, A.K., Rouillard, J.J. Benson, D. (2013): Can integrated water resources management increase adaptive capacity to climate change adaptation? A critical review. In: Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 5(4A), 11-20, doi:10.4236/jwarp.2013.54A003.
Gain, A.K., Apel, H., Renaud, F.G., Giupponi, C. (2013): Thresholds of hydrologic flow regime of a river and investigation of climate change impact – the case of lower Brahmaputra river Basin. In: Climatic Change, 120(1-2), 463-475, doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0800-x.
Gain, A.K., Hoque, M.M. (2013): Flood risk assessment and its application to the eastern part of Dhaka City, Bangladesh. In: Journal of Flood Risk Management, 6(3), 219-228, doi:10.1111/jfr3.12003.
Balbi, S., Bhandari, S., Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C. (2013): Multi-agent agro-economic simulation of irrigation water demand with climate services for climate change adaptation. In: Italian Journal of Agronomy, 8(3), 175-185, doi:10.4081/ija.2013.e23.
Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C., Renaud, F.G. (2012): Climate Change Adaptation and Vulnerability Assessment of Water Resources Systems in developing countries: A generalized framework and a feasibility study in Bangladesh. In: Water, 4 (2), 345-366, doi:10.3390/w4020345.
Gain, A.K., Schwab, M. (2012): An assessment of water governance trends: the case of Bangladesh. In: Water Policy, 14 (5), 821-840, doi:10.2166/wp.2012.143.
Gain, A.K., Immerzeel, W.W., Sperna Weiland, F.C., Bierkens, M.F.P. (2011): Impact of climate change on the stream flow of the lower Brahmaputra: trends in high and low flows based on discharge-weighted ensemble modelling. In: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15(5), 1537-1545, doi:10.5194/hess-15-1537-2011.
Gain, A.K., Uddin, M.N., Sana, P., (2008): Impact of River Salinity on Fish Diversity in the South-West Coastal Region of Bangladesh. In: International Journal of Ecology & Environmental Sciences, 34(1), 49-54.
Gain, A.K, Aryal, K.P., Sana, P., Uddin, M.N. (2007): Effect of River Salinity on Crop Diversity: A Case Study of South West Coastal Region of Bangladesh. In: Nepal Agriculture Research Journal, 8, 35-43.

Dr. Animesh K. Gain

Geographisches Institut

Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel

Ludewig-Meyn-Str. 14

24098 Kiel


+49 (0)431 880 3429


Dr. Gain is the Principal Investigator of the research project, Social-ECological interdependencies in dynamic Coastal zones (SECure-COAST), funded by the Cluster of Excellence ‘Future Ocean’ of DFG at the Geography Department of Kiel University. The overall objective of the envisaged research is to significantly advance the theoretical and empirical basis of human-nature interactions of coastal systems through Ostrom’s Social-Ecological System Framework (SESF), network analysis and system dynamic approach. In order to advance theoretical basis, this study will further build upon the Social-Ecological System Framework (SESF) proposed by Ostrom (2009) to analyse complex human-nature interaction of coastal systems of Ganges-Brahmaputra delta. Using the analytical framework (as described above) and stakeholder involvement, this study will investigate: (i) how the complex interactions between nature and society dynamically evolve in different phases of management regime and (ii) what are the sustainability performances of the historical delta development process. A network analysis approach will be used for quantitative assessment of the historical delta development process.


In the next phase, a system dynamic model will be developed to simulate alternative future trajectories for coastal systems. The combination of theoretical and empirical research along with transdisciplinary (interdisciplinary research methods and involvement of stakeholders) approaches will enhance scientific knowledge in the field of social-ecological system science. The proposed project will also contribute to achieving target 14.2 of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).